Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)
The first stage in gum disease is gingivitis. Your gums may feel tender and you may see some bleeding when you brush or floss due to plaque, a sticky film that forms from bacteria. The American Academy of Periodontology considers gingivitis to be mild periodontal disease. Gingivitis can be reversed by having a hygienist or dentist clean your teeth and with proper brushing and flossing at home.
The second stage in gum disease is periodontitis. Plaque begins to harden forming calculus or tartar. The plaque spreads to your tooth roots causing an infection, which can damage the bone and fibers that hold teeth in place. Your gums may begin to pull away from your teeth causing a periodontal pocket to form.
The final stage of gum disease is advanced periodontitis. The fibers and bone holding your teeth in place are destroyed. This can cause your teeth to shift or loosen and can affect your bite. The longer plaque and calculus remain untreated, the more damage will occur. If treatment can’t save your teeth, they may need to be removed.
LANAP- Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure
LANAP is exclusively for the treatment of moderate to advanced periodontal disease. It is utilized to eliminate diseased tissue selectively from within a periodontal pocket. It provides a minimally invasive alternative to traditional periodontal surgery for infectious or inflammatory periodontal disease. For you, the patient, this means less pain, less bleeding, less swelling, less tissue removed, less down time, less recovery time and improved comfort and acceptance.
LANAP produces a light energy that absorbs into a target tissue, which then produces a thermal reaction. Once the temperature rises within the periodontal pocket, deactivation of bacteria occurs. Laser power is inadequate for removal of healthy tissue; only diseased tissue is removed. Nd:YAG is the type of dental laser used in our office for the LANAP procedure. LANAP has been shown to increase bone density, regenerate bone, reduce probing depths/periodontal pocket depths, and provide patient comfort. In turn, this prevents other serious health problems that unhealthy gums can contribute to like diabetes, heart disease and even pre-term birth for some pregnant women. (See videos below)
Treatment begins by assessing the severity of the disease and evaluating the number of appointments necessary to complete the treatment process. Dental anatomy, plaque and calculus accumulation, probing depths, and the extent of inflammation are taken into consideration upon determining the need for LANAP.
Most insurance companies include this procedure within their benefit plans. However, to determine the coverage provided by your specific insurance plan, please contact your provider. For further questions regarding the procedure, including pricing, please contact our office.